世界首座浮動核電廠起航

發布時間:2019-08-26

2019823日,由俄羅斯建造的世界首座浮動核電廠——“羅蒙諾索夫院士”號(Akademik Lomonosov)浮動核電廠從俄羅斯西北部的摩爾曼斯克港起航,前往位于俄羅斯遠東地區楚科奇自治區的佩韋克港。

據了解,“羅蒙諾索夫院士”號浮動核電廠長144米、寬30米、重達21000噸,共建有兩座KLT-40反應堆。此次航行全程4700km,抵運后,該浮動電廠將取代當地的比利比諾(Bilibino)核電廠和恰翁灣(Chaunskaya)熱電廠,成為楚科奇自治區供電系統的中心。

Akademik Lomonosov, which Rosatom describes as the world's first floating nuclear power plant and the world's northernmost nuclear power installation, today set sail from Murmansk for its final destination of Pevek.

Rosatom Director General Alexey Likhachev gave the signal for the Akademik Lomonosov to set sail and said, "This is a momentous occasion for our company and for the Chukotka region. Today Akademik Lomonosov begins its journey to Pevek, where it will guarantee clean and reliable energy supplies to people and businesses across the region. This amounts to a significant contribution to creating an Arctic future that is both sustainable and prosperous."

Upon completing the 4700 km journey to Pevek, Akademik Lomonosov will become a central part of the Chukotka region's power supply, replacing the Bilibino nuclear power plant and the Chaunskaya combined heat and power plant.

Rosatom said the project is one of the most promising small nuclear power reactors on the market today. It is especially suited, it said, to very remote areas and island states that require stable, green sources of energy. The technology has attracted interest from the Middle East, North Africa, and South-East Asia, it said.

Rosatom is currently working on the 'second-generation' design - optimised floating power units, which will be built in a series and be available for export.

Floating nuclear power units can operate non-stop without the need for refuelling for three to five years, thereby considerably reducing the cost of electricity generation, Rosatom said. The reactors have the potential to work particularly well in regions with extended coastlines, power supply shortages and limited access to electricity grids, it said. Akademik Lomonosov is 144 metres in length, 30 metres wide and has a displacement of 21,000 tonnes. It has a twin KLT-40 reactor system.



(來源:World Nuclear News,原文標題《Russia's floating plant heads for final destination



 

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